A high body mass index (BMI) during gestation can have profound consequences for your health and your baby’s health. Your pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) determines the amount of weight you gain during pregnancy. BMI is a body fat calculation based on one’s weight and height.
Being overweight is characterized by a BMI of 30 or above. To calculate your BMI, multiply your weight in kilograms by your meter-squared height.
Acquiring too much weight while pregnant can increase your baby’s risk of health problems.
Causes of overweight in pregnancy
Excessive food consumption and a lack of physical activity are the most core elements that contribute to weight gain. Certain medications, such as antidepressants and anticonvulsants can also be a factor.
Effects of being overweight in pregnancy
Being overweight can make childbirth more challenging, cause interruptions with ultrasound testing, and make monitoring the baby’s heart more stressful.
Being overweight during pregnancy can lead to the following complications:
- High blood pressure,
- Blood clotting problems,
- Gestational diabetes etc.
- The need for a C-section and the possibility of C-section complications such as wound infections
How being overweight can affect a baby
A high BMI during pregnancy has been related to an increased risk of many health concerns for the infant, including:
- Being born much larger than typical (fetal macrosomia)
- Growth issues
- Asthma in children
- Obesity in children
- Cognitive issues and developmental delays
How to avoid being overweight in pregnancy
- Discuss with your obstetrician how much weight you should gain early in your pregnancy. If at all feasible, consult with your physician before becoming pregnant to identify the best way to prepare your body for a baby.
- Use the MyPlate plan to determine the daily food group targets that are appropriate for your pregnancy stage.
- Avoid high-calorie foods and empty calories like chips and candy. Instead, prioritize healthier foods such as veggies.
- Limit the amount of added sugars and solid fats in foods such as soft drinks, desserts, fried foods, whole milk, and fatty meats.
- Throughout your pregnancy, keep an eye on your weight growth and make changes to your dietary habits.
- Keep exercising to keep your entire body healthy and powerful. Discuss safe exercise with your doctor, especially after the 12th week of pregnancy.
- Eat the recommended serving size and avoid second helpings.
- Select dairy products that are low in fat.
- Consider walking or swimming most, if not all, days.
- Cook with low-fat ingredients.
- Limit your intake of sweets and increase calorie snacks.
- Limit your intake of sweetened and sugary drinks.
Losing weight in pregnancy
Losing weight when pregnant is not beneficial for you or your baby, except in the first few weeks.
Dieting, attempting to maintain your current weight, or decreasing weight during the second and third trimesters of your pregnancy can deny your baby the nutrients required for growth and development.
The greatest method to ensure a safe pregnancy is to improve your health before conception, including losing weight.
How much weight is acceptable during pregnancy
Gaining the appropriate amount of weight during pregnancy by eating a well-balanced diet is a strong indicator. This shows your baby is getting all the nutrients he or she needs and growing healthy.
Body weight should be moderate and modest. Generally, you should gain two to four kg during the first three months of pregnancy and 1 pound every week thereafter.
A lady of typical pre-pregnancy weight should anticipate gaining 15 to 35 pounds during her pregnancy.
Depending on whether you are underweight or overweight when you become pregnant, you may need to acquire weight. The advice also varies if you are expecting more than one child.
How the weight is disseminated
- 6–8-pound infant.
- Placenta, 2-3 pounds.
- 2-3 pounds of amniotic fluid.
- Breast tissue weighing 0-3 pounds.
- 3 to 4 pounds of blood supply.
- Fat reserves for childbirth and lactation (remainder of weight).
- Uterus weight gain of 2-5 pounds.
Total Weight: 15-35 Pounds.
Not gaining enough weight during pregnancy
Every woman is unique, and not all will gain at the same amount. If you are worried that you are not acquiring enough weight, consult your doctor.
Nausea and stomach problems can make it difficult to gain weight. Excessive vomiting is a sign of hyperemesis gravidarum and should be discussed with your doctor.
Consider the following diet adjustments to gain weight within healthy ranges:
- Consume more regularly.
- Consume 5 to 4 to 5 per day.
- Choose nutritious and calorie-dense meals like dried fruit, almonds, peanut-butter crackers, and ice cream.
- Add a little additional cheese, honey, butter, or sweetener to your food.
Many women experience hunger pangs during pregnancy, but others do not. If you experience food cravings, it’s fine to indulge as long as it fits into healthy eating and doesn’t happen too frequently.
Pica is a condition in which you crave non-food objects such as ice, toothpaste, dirt, mud, ashes, or flaking paint.
You should consult with your health provider immediately. Consuming non-food substances can be detrimental to you and your baby and may indicate a nutritional shortfall, such as iron deficiency.
Losing weight before becoming pregnant is the most effective method to lower your risk. Losing between ten and twenty pounds can enhance your overall well-being and get you started on the path to a healthy pregnancy.