Contraception prevents sperm from contacting an egg during sexual activity, thereby preventing pregnancy.
It is also known as birth control or family planning. It’s frequently referred to as “barrier contraception” when certain techniques, like condoms, put a physical barrier between the sperm and the egg.
Others discharge something, typically hormones, that disrupts a woman’s menstrual cycle and is frequently referred to as “hormonal contraception.”
Contraception, often known as birth control or family planning, enables you to avoid getting pregnant or to schedule a pregnancy.
It is your right to utilize contraception if you don’t want to have a child or aren’t ready to have one.
There are various forms of contraception, and some may work better for you than others.
It’s important to keep in mind that condoms are the only method of birth control that offers protection against both pregnancy and STIs like HIV.
Even if you also use another method of contraception, it may be a good idea to continue using them.
Choosing the best type of contraception
Consider these factors while choosing on birth control:
- The duration of your desired contraceptive
- Whether you’ll have the privacy to take a medication if you worry that others won’t approve or whether you’ll remember to take it every day.
- Consider whether you’ll remember something if you want it only when having sex.
- How you plan to prevent pregnancy and STIs
- If you intend to become pregnant soon
- Any medical problems you have and prescription drugs you take
The choices you have in your current location..
How safe are contraceptives
Contraception is very safe.
It’s important to note that understanding what each birth control method is and how it works will help you work out what type is best for you.
And keep in mind that just because women are the ones who become pregnant does not mean that they alone should consider using contraception. It is very important for men to take full responsibility also.
Types of Contraceptives
This works perfectly fine at preventing pregnancy, although it has to be taken every day or it stops working.
A female’s arm is equipped with this little plastic rod.
There is no need to remember to take anything because it will prevent conception for three, four, or five years depending on the type you get. But when the time limit expires, it must be taken away or changed.
Because they are the only method of birth control that both prevents HIV and STIs, condoms are an excellent idea.
But each time you have sex, you must use them appropriately for them to be effective.
There are internal (also known as female) and external (also known as male) condoms.
There is no need to remember to take anything because this prevents conception for 8 to 13 weeks. But you must keep in mind when your subsequent injection is scheduled.
A little sticky patch that prevents pregnancy by releasing hormones through your skin. After three weeks, you have a week without a patch. Each patch lasts for a week.
A small, T-shaped device called an intra-uterine device (IUD), often known as the “copper coil,” is placed within the womb to prevent pregnancy for five to ten years.
This is a form of contraception that is long lasting.
The examples are vasectomy for men and tubal ligation for women.
Through surgery, the tubes that deliver sperm from the testicles to the penis are blocked.
So, since there are no sperm in the penile fluid (semen) when a man ejaculates, it cannot result in pregnancy.
Only if a male is certain they do not want any more, or any, children, should they use this sort of permanent contraception.
Emergency contraception, sometimes known as the “morning after pill,” helps prevent pregnancy if you have unprotected intercourse, the condom breaks, or you forget to take your pill.
Spermicide or vaginal gel
These birth control methods are non-hormonal.
A method of birth control known as spermicide either kills or stops sperm from moving.
Sperm cannot reach an egg to fertilize it because sperm are prevented from traveling by the vaginal pH regulator gel (Phexxi).
Before having sex, you apply these products on the vagina.
Is sometimes referred to as the “withdrawal procedure.”
Before ejaculating, the penis is removed from the vagina (or cumming).
This is unreliable since the man must ensure that they withdraw before any semen emerges, which is challenging to perform.
Fertility awareness methods
These techniques center on determining which days of the month are viable for conception, frequently using cervical mucus and basal body temperature.
You utilize a barrier method of birth control or refrain from having sex on or near the days you are fertile to prevent getting pregnant.
You are aware of your alternatives now.
The next step is to have a talk with your doctor.
It could be worthwhile to talk to your spouse as well.
These are just a few of the many birth control alternatives you have (contraception). The best form of birth control for you and your spouse must be chosen after research on your part and consultation with your doctor.
Reference - https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/birth-control/in-depth/birth-control-options/art-20045571