Gaming disorder was classified by the World Health Organization (WHO) in their International Classification of Diseases in 2018. The International Classification of Diseases and Medical Disorders is a list of diseases and medical conditions that health professionals use to develop diagnoses and treatment strategies. People with gaming disorder, according to the ICD-11, have difficulty limiting the amount of time they spend playing digital or video games. They also place a high value on gaming over other activities and suffer unfavorable consequences as a result of their gaming habits. After analyzing the research and discussing it with specialists, the WHO decided to classify the illness. According to the WHO, the new classification will result in a greater focus on gaming addiction. Here is what you should know more about gaming disorders.
A person with gaming disorder, according to the WHO’s definition, will exhibit the following symptoms for at least 12 months:
- They do not have control over their gaming addictions.
- Emphasizing gaming above other hobbies and activities, quite apart from the negative repercussions of gaming.
These habits must be so severe that they have an impact on a person’s family life, social life, and personal life are all intertwined, as is employment. According to certain studies, gaming addiction can occur in conjunction with other mood disorders, such as anxiety, despair, and stress. People who ignore physical activity for a long period due to video gaming are more likely to be obese, sleep-deprived, and suffer other health issues.
Gaming addiction is comparable to other types of addiction in many aspects. People with the illness generally spend a lot of time playing video games, have a deep emotional attachment to them, and as a result, have fewer social contacts. Gaming disorder, like other addictions, can have a significant impact on family life, relationships, career, and education. This could irritate those who criticize gaming, or it could make you feel guilty.
Although the WHO classification identifies the behaviors that may lead to a gaming disorder diagnosis. It is unclear how healthcare providers would evaluate these activities. To evaluate whether or not someone has a gaming problem, experts will most likely need to develop diagnostic measures such as questionnaires and organized interviews. They could utilize a tool comparable to the Internet Gaming Disorder Scale (IGDS). It has become a widely accepted measure of computer and video game addictions.
Because gaming disorder is a new classification, there is not yet a clear treatment plan. Treatments for other addictive behaviors, such as gambling addiction, are likely to be relevant for gaming problems as well. Therapy, medication, and self-help groups may be used to treat compulsive gambling. According to a 2017 study on the therapy of IGD, combining several methods of treatment may be useful. The following interventions were utilized in the study-
Intrapersonal and Interpersonal Treatments-
Interpersonal and Intrapersonal Treatments can help. Intrapersonal treatment aids in the exploration of one’s identity. Furthermore, they will also explore the development of self-esteem, and the enhancement of emotional intelligence. Also, when it comes to Interpersonal treatment, during this treatment, the individual will concentrate on improving their communication skills and assertiveness to learn how to communicate with others.
Family Intervention and New lifestyle-
A gaming disorder may negatively affect a family member’s relationship with someone else. This makes participation in some types of therapy necessary. The goal of this program is to keep people away from over gaming by encouraging them to discover their skills and abilities. They also set goals for themselves, and engage in activities other than gaming.
Usual Treatment and psychoeducation-
Addiction treatment can be tailored to match a gaming disorder. Controlling urges, dealing with irrational ideas, and learning coping skills and problem-solving approaches are all part of the treatment. This entails informing the individual about gaming habits and their impact on mental health.
Gamer’s perspective: What does it mean?
There is no denying that some gaming habits are harmful. In certain situations, excessive gaming has even resulted in death. The majority of people who play computer and video games, on the other hand, do not need to be concerned. Online gamers do not experience negative symptoms most of the time. Also, they do not satisfy the criteria for IGD, according to an IGD study. According to studies, just 0.3–1.0 percent of persons are likely to be diagnosed with IGD. According to another study, those who fit the criteria for video game addiction have lower emotional, physical, mental, and social health. Although both of these studies used the APA’s IGD criteria rather than the WHO’s gaming disorder criteria, the symptoms of the two diseases are very similar.
Some scientists believe that video games, particularly for children, can provide some benefits. Gaming, according to another study, may have a good impact on children’s cognitive and social skills. Even though gaming disorder is not common, people should be aware of how much time they spend playing games. They should also keep track of how gaming affects their other hobbies, their physical and mental health, and their interpersonal relationships. Excessive gaming can also be a symptom of another problem, such as sadness or anxiety. Seeking assistance for the underlying problem may help to reduce the overuse of video games.
Do not make a game, your reason for pain
In the WHO’s ICD-11, gaming disorder is a newly defined condition. However, only a small fraction of those who play online and video games are likely to be diagnosed with gaming disorder. By playing, the player’s brain increases the level of dopamine neurotransmitters, thereby producing pleasure. Repetition of this pleasure results in the reward of the brain, which results in addiction. A lot of controversy surrounds the diagnosis. There is a need for more research in this area. Those concerned that gaming is having a negative influence on their health or relationships should consult a doctor or mental health expert. Gaming needs to be clarified in addiction research as well as its positive role.