Contraception pill for both men and women
When taken consistently each day, tablets for contraception are 99% effective at preventing conception. The pill contains hormones that control menstrual flow, reduce the risk of ovarian and uterine cancer, treats endometriosis, and also improve acne. A new birth control pill has been designed specifically for guys, as there had previously been no contraception pills for men.
The male contraceptive pill has successfully completed the first phase of clinical trials, raising hopes for less-permanent options for male contraception and maybe leveling the playing field in terms of conception prevention.
Birth control pill
A form of contraception called the birth control pill has hormones that can stop pregnancies. Due to the fact that it is a pill, people refer to it as “the pill”. One time every day, women take the pill orally (by mouth). The medication works best if you consistently take it at the same time every day.
A little over 40% of pregnancies are unintended. This is in part because women are unfairly expected to bear the bulk of the responsibility for family planning and pregnancy prevention by society. Men’s contraception options haven’t always been the best:
- Abstention (not feasible)
- Condom (not 100-percent reliable)
- The withdrawal strategy (ineffective)
- The Vasectomy (potentially permanent and a little scary to many men)
The male birth control pill may provide men with a more flexible alternative while also highlighting two crucial truths:
(1) Men and women are equally responsible for contraception, and
(2) Men have the opportunity to play a more engaging and fulfilling role in their reproductive health.
Effectiveness of the pill
If you take the pill consistently, that is, without skipping even a day or two, it has the potential to be 99% successful at preventing conception. Yet, it can be challenging to take the pill exactly, which is why nine out of every 100 women who use the pill conceive unintentionally each year. The best results come from taking the medication consistently at the same time every day. When behavior is constant, hormone levels are likely not to fluctuate.
Types of birth control pills
There are two different types of birth control pills for women and only one type for men.
- Estrogen and progestin-containing combination medications. One more name for progestin-only pills is “the minipill.” They are excellent for women who should not take estrogen because they are nursing, have a history of blood clots or strokes, or both.
- Combinationrolone undecanoate (DMAU) for men.
How does the birth control pill work?
Birth control pills which contains hormones prevent pregnancy by:
- Ovulation suppression or reduction (the release of an egg from an ovary).
- Cervical mucus becomes thickened in order to prevent sperm from reaching the uterus.
- Making the uterine lining thin, thereby reducing the likelihood of fertilized egg attaching to it.
How male birth control pill works
- Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) are suppressed by the once-daily medication Conclusion
- When used consistently each day, the birth control pill is an efficient method to prevent pregnancy. Also, the pill can reduce your risk of developing conditions like ovarian and uterine cancer, migraines, and acne. Some women suffer nausea as a side effect of the pill, however this changes with time. Before deciding on the brand of medication that works best for you, you might need to test out a few different ones. If you have any queries or worries about the medication, consult your doctor. (DMAU), which also lowers testosterone and sperm production without generating low testosterone symptoms (low-T).
According to data from a study that was published in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, the oral contraceptive now being studied, DMAU, may be able to accomplish that. A placebo or one of three doses of the drug was administered to eighty-two men between the ages of 18 and 50 at random for a period of 28 days. The 400 mg dosage resulted in reduced levels of testosterone, FSH, and LH in the subjects. The study did not, however, count the sperm.
The following list of minor side effects is provided:
- Mild erectile dysfunction
- Reduced sex drive
- Weight gain
The study of male contraceptives is still in progress.
The next phase of research on DMAU will focus on figuring out whether or not it actually inhibits sperm production.
Early findings suggest that it is feasible.
However, additional studies are required to confirm whether sperm production can be fully stopped because the body takes up to 90 days to make sperm.
We must also ascertain its long-term consequences on the body. For instance, it is unknown at this time if DMAU can lead to depressive problems, increase the danger of blood clots, or harm the liver, kidneys, or other organs that aid in the drug’s breakdown.
Potential side effects for women’s Contraception pills include:
- Breast tenderness or swelling.
- Irritability or moodiness.
- Spotting between periods (abnormal menstruation).
Does the Contraception pills prevent sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)?
No, the pill won’t save you from illnesses or sexually transmitted diseases (STIs) (STIs). Intimate sexual contact and the transfer of bodily fluids like semen are the two main ways that STDs, including genital herpes, chlamydia, and the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), are spread. If you engage in sexual activity, using condoms in addition to the pill is the greatest approach to stave off STDs. When worn alone, condoms have an 85% success rate in preventing pregnancy. Yet, both infection and pregnancy protection are enhanced when the pill and condoms are used simultaneously. Your doctor may advise using condoms in addition to the pill if you are not in a committed relationship to avoid pregnancy and STDs.
What are benefits of taking the pill?
Some women use the pill to improve their health. The tablet may:
- Control or reduce menstruation.
- Make your periods lighter or shorter to prevent anemia.
- Reduce menstrual cramping (dysmenorrhea).
- Medications for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
- Treat uterine fibroids or endometriosis.
- Reduce the risk of colon, uterus, and ovarian cancer.
- Ameliorate acne.
- Halt the growth of undesired hair.
- Migraine reduction.
- During the menopause transition, manage hot flashes.
When used consistently each day, the birth control pill is an efficient method to prevent pregnancy. Also, the pill can reduce your risk of developing conditions like ovarian and uterine cancer, migraines, and acne. Some women suffer nausea as a side effect of the pill, however this changes with time. Before deciding on the brand of medication that works best for you, you might need to test out a few different ones. If you have any queries or worries about the medication, consult your doctor.
References https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/drugs/3977-birth-control-the-pill https://utswmed.org/medblog/pill-guys-male-birth-control-option-passes-safety-tests/ https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2016/11/the-different-stakes-of-male-and-female-birth-control/506120/ https://www.cell.com/trends/ecology-evolution/fulltext/S0169-5347(09)00263-8