Introduction to Dandruff
The scalp is a soft tissue that covers the cranium. It houses the hair follicles from which the hair is born and ensures its growth. Because of the density of hair follicles, the skin on the scalp is unique in the body and therefore susceptible to some conditions, which can be mycotic (dandruff) or inflammatory (psoriasis).
Dandruff and Scalp Psoriasis is common scalp disease conditions that can easily be distinguished from each other by your doctor. The right diagnosis allows for the detection of the cause and easy treatment. Once you get it right, you get some relief.
Dandruff is usually marked by flaking and itching of the scalp. It is a common condition in which the scalp becomes dry, itchy, and covered with white flakes. It is not contagious or dangerous, but it can be extremely uncomfortable, embarrassing, and difficult to treat. Gently applying shampoo daily can be used to treat mild dandruff. If this doesn’t cure it, you can use a medicated shampoo too.
Causes of Dandruff
Here are a few causes of dandruff: allergic reactions, psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis, certain shampoos, some skin care products, and eczema.
Factors that can make people more exposed to dandruff
There are very many factors that increase the risk of developing dandruff; they include but are not limited to a person’s age, overproduction of oil on the scalp, the weather, stress levels, medical conditions, and choice of hair products.
Poor hygiene could be added because the flakes become more visible if a person does not keep their hair hygienically clean.
Symptoms of dandruff include white flakes on the scalp, hair, brows, and shoulders, as well as an itchy, scaly, or crusty scalp in infants.
There are usually no complications with dandruff, and most people do not need to consult a doctor for it. Although sometimes dandruff can be an indication of a more serious medical problem, One can seek medical attention if the dandruff is intense and home treatment is ineffective.
Prevention of Dandruff
Although the signs and symptoms of dandruff can be prevented through studies, there is no absolute cure for it. Daily washing and using a medicated shampoo with a gentle cleanser may help prevent dandruff in some cases. If you’re using an over-the-counter dandruff shampoo, let the dermatologist help you understand how often you will use it for maintenance and prevention. Finally, exposure to the sun and not using several different hair products can also help prevent it.
Dandruff can be treated at home with home remedies (such as frequent shampooing and the use of peppermint essential oil, lemon juice, baking soda, apple cider vinegar, etc.) and over-the-counter drugs. Do well to talk with your dermatologist to know the right options for you.
Introduction to Scalp psoriasis
Scalp psoriasis is an auto-immune disease that makes the skin cells reproduce rapidly. The skin cells reproduce within a few days instead of weeks. Normally, skin cells in a healthy scalp will renew every 21–28 days; it’s a natural process that cannot be seen with the naked eye. But if one has psoriasis, the cells can reproduce 10 times more. It produces plaques (patches of psoriasis) on your scalp and some parts around your scalp. Psoriasis is generally an autoimmune disorder and therefore can occur in any part of the body. Psoriasis arthritis can come with a lot of complications and deformation on that specific body part.
It is basically caused by the malfunctioning of the immune system, which sends signals to the skin cells to grow too quickly. Some other factors can trigger psoriasis. These are skin trauma, medications, stress, sunburn, and other inflammatory conditions.
The symptoms include scaly, red, bumpy patches; silvery-white scales; burning or soreness; and, in extreme cases, hair loss.
Complications associated with scalp psoriasis
There are a lot of complications associated with scalp psoriasis. There may be loss of hair, which can occur in clumps of hair falling out at a time, an itchy scalp, inflammation of the scalp, a scaly scalp, etc. Also, people inflicted with psoriasis are at great risk of lymphoma (cancer of the lymphatic system). This is because the lymphatic system is part of your immune system and will be greatly affected by any autoimmune disorder. Depression and low self-esteem can as well-set in.
Prevention of Scalp Psoriasis
There is no known way to prevent scalp psoriasis but eating healthfully can help. Dieting can play a big role in managing scalp psoriasis. Take more plant-based proteins, fruits and vegetables, fish, nuts and seeds, legumes, whole grains, etc.
Treatment of Scalp Psoriasis
There is no cure for psoriasis. But treatment can help you feel better. You may need cream, oral, or body-wide treatments. Even if you have severe psoriasis, there are good ways to keep yourself together. Make sure you see your doctor to help you choose better options.
The differences between the symptoms of dandruff and scalp psoriasis
It is always almost impossible for one to differentiate between these two diseases because you can hardly see your own scalp. Nevertheless, while dandruff and scalp psoriasis may seem similar in symptoms and treatments, they are absolutely two different conditions.
Dandruff is usually marked by whitish flaking and itching of the scalp, whereas scalp psoriasis is more likely to present as scaly, red, or inflamed patches of skin on the scalp, which may be uncomfortable.
These are both common scalp disease conditions. Psoriasis, being an auto-immune disease, can occur on any part of the body, but dandruff can only occur on the scalp, ear, eyebrow, armpit, or any other part with hairs present in clumps or oil.
The symptoms of dandruff and scalp psoriasis can vary, but they both usually result in itchy, irritated skin on the scalp.
Whenever you feel any of the signs and symptoms listed above, visit your healthcare provider immediately, as they will be able to know the exact disease condition you are dealing with and give you the best advice on the proper course of treatment.
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