The simple definition of hormones is that they are messengers. They work by being directly released into the blood, which travels to different parts of the body for its specific functions. Hormones represent the normal functioning of your body. Some of the primary functions of hormones are regulating metabolism, looking after sexual health, maintenance of body temperature, and maintaining natural cognitive behavior. The gland responsible for the secretion of most hormones in our body is the endocrine gland. The powerful secretions -hormones are the sustainable build of your body. Without hormones, your body would seek no growth or functioning. However, there are different ways that hormones affect bodies. There are differences in the way the hormones affect a female and a male body.
Estrogen is essentially dominant in the female body. It is especially vital for a healthy bone stature. Additionally, less secretion of estrogen can lead to a condition known as osteoporosis, where your bones are extremely fragile. Estrogen also connects the menstrual cycle, breast size, and ovulation. Men have estrogen too, you know? However, the production is less, which is why they have more prominent ‘masculine’ features. However, having too much estrogen can cause problems like weight gain, lower sex drive, and menstrual inconsistency.
This is the other most vital hormone associated with the female reproductive system. Low progesterone can cause heavy menstruation or low fertility whereas, high progesterone can cause breast cancer. Progesterone is one of the most important hormones during pregnancy since it helps in the growth of the uterus. If the progesterone level drops during the early stages of pregnancy, it can cause a miscarriage. To sum it up, progesterone makes up to be a vital hormone for the female reproductive system.
Testosterone is one of the androgens, that looks after the well-being of the male reproductive system. This hormone makes in bulk for muscular strength, bone mass, and red blood cell production in both genders. However, an increase in the amount of testosterone production in females can cause low libido, smaller breasts, and excessive facial hair.
Insulin is one of the crucial hormones in the body, whose production takes place in the pancreas. The main function of insulin is to convert glucose into the form that our body can use for energy. Additionally, insulin is also responsible for regulating the blood sugar levels in the body. Lack of insulin can cause problems like diabetes and insulin resistance whereas an increase in the production of insulin can absorb too much glucose from your blood, which is known as hypoglycemia which means immensely less glucose in the blood.
This may be one of the most interesting hormones in the human body. adrenaline is known as the stress hormone and its production is in parts of the central nervous system. Adrenaline is responsible for exciting your body during adventure while initiating the flight or fight response when the situation is dangerous. Too much adrenaline over longer durations can cause issues like rapid heartbeat, anxiety, and dizziness.
As the name suggests, the thyroid gland is responsible for the production of thyroid hormones. Some of the most crucial aspects of the body including regulating the cells in your body utilize the energy from the food that you intake. In short, the thyroid gland looks after the process of metabolism. Moreover, it looks after the temperature and the heartbeat of your body.
Hormones regulate the functioning of your body
Hormones look after the regular functioning of your body. Not only this, but the production of hormones in your body also affects how you feel physically and mentally. The essential thing to know about hormone secretion is that their secretions are from different organs in the body. This is what makes their products so specific. The malfunctioning of one organ in the body affects the production of a particular hormone, which may have direct implications on your body. An increase or decrease in the production of any hormone in the body may lead to hormonal diseases, that may turn into chronic illnesses. Hence, it is better to consult a doctor if you see changes in your body or behavior.